Periodontal (gum) disease is a progressive condition caused by bacterial infection in your mouth. It begins with mild gum inflammation, and if left untreated, it develops into a more serious condition involving gum recession, bone deterioration, and the loss of teeth. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults. The earlier stages of gum disease are known as gingivitis, while the later stages are referred to as periodontitis.
Common symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Gums that are swollen or tender
- Gums that are unusually red
- Loose teeth
- New spacing between teeth
- Persistent halitosis (bad breath)
- Pus around the teeth and gums
- Receding gums
Additionally, periodontal disease has a close connection to your overall health. Research has linked gum disease to systemic conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, pregnancy complications (such as underweight or premature babies), osteoporosis, and respiratory disease.
Periodontal disease may be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Use of tobacco products
- Genetic predisposition
- Pregnancy and menopause
- Chronic stress
- Poor diet
- Underlying medical issues (such as diabetes)
- Bruxism (grinding of teeth)
There are many treatments available for periodontal disease, and our skilled dentist will work with you to determine which treatment will be most beneficial for you.
For more information about periodontal disease in Glendale, Arizona, and to schedule your appointment with Dr. Dorsey W. Baker, we invite you to call us at 602-942-0623.